RIMA International Journal of Historical Studies (RIJHIS)


www.rijhis.com | One of the Most Recent Historical Studies Research Journal in Africa Since 2018

ISSN: 2672-4871




Udeoji Ebele Angela


Long distance movement among West Africans has generally been described as a way of life pre-dating colonial rule. This paper traces the antecedents of the Economic Community of West African States’ (ECOWAS) Protocol on Free Movement of Persons and the Right to Establish and also discusses issues surrounding its implementation among the member countries. This ECOWAS protocol, which derives its constitutional strength and legitimacy from Article 27 in the ECOWAS Treaty relates to free movement of persons, goods, capital, Rights of Residence and Establishments and was approved by the ECOWAS Heads of States and government in Dakar on May 29, 1979. In this study, the strengths and weaknesses of the protocol as it relates to the general movement of persons, goods and capital is examined however greater emphasis is placed on issues concerning the rights of Residence and Establishment and the determination of the reasons behind the failure of ECOWAS to guarantee West African entrepreneurs the right of Establishment or grant migrant workers their socio-economic rights.