RIMA International Journal of Historical Studies (RIJHIS)


www.rijhis.com | One of the Most Recent Historical Studies Research Journal in Africa Since 2018

ISSN: 2672-4871




Primary Health Care and Implementation of Immunization Programme in Ogoja and Obudu Local Government Areas of Cross River State

Irom Obar Ayami
(Volume 2, Issue 1, July 2018)


Health was defined biologically and quantified in negative terms such as the absence of death, diseases and disability. However, during the past three decades, it has become evident that social, religious, political and economic issues are also essential determinants of a society’s health. During this time, a strong link was identified between a society’s health and its economic development, especially when the benefits of that development were equitably shared. To enhance this link, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) in the Declaration of Alma Ata in 1978 recognized Primary Health Care (PHC) as the key to achieving a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing for all people of the world. This is so since PHC admits that the prevalent patterns which emphasize sophisticated and costly tertiary institutions and highly specialized professionals do not work. Rather PHC proceeds by involving all sectors of the community to create a partnership with a focus upon major health problems and their solutions in each setting. With emphasis on one of the components of PHC maternal and child health, the paper attempts to X-ray its achievement. This is based on the knowledge that in most cases few women are assisted at delivery by a trained birth attendant, much less a physician, while maternities which should not be considered diseases infested have records that more women die each year from pregnancy related causes as others suffer ill health and disability as a result of pregnancy. The paper relies on qualitative research especially focus group discussions with traditional rulers and religious leaders in Ogoja and Obudu Local Government Areas of Cross River State to demonstrate how PHC as an aspect of the health institution policies has contributed to nation-building.

Keywords: Maternal and Child Health, Traditional Rulers, Religious Leaders.